China’s climate change ambitions are unprecedented but realistic
Beijing, June 5 (Xinhua) – If the COVID-19 pandemic tells us anything, it means no one is safe until everyone is safe, and so does the climate. A lesson that can be easily applied to the threat of change.
Despite facing a myriad of social and economic priorities as the world’s largest developing country, China shows great commitment to climate goals. Beijing has announced its ambition to reach a peak in carbon dioxide emissions by 2030 and achieve carbon neutrality by 2060. It is an approach that embodies the concept of a Community with a shared future for the ‘humanity.
This ambitious commitment means that China must achieve unprecedented reductions in carbon dioxide emissions and move from peak carbon to carbon neutrality faster than any other country in history.
However, this commitment is achievable because it is based on strong carbon reduction results in recent years. For example, China’s carbon strength fell 48.1% from 2005 levels at the end of 2019. From 2012 to 2019, China’s GDP grew by an average of 7% per year, but the energy consumed to achieve this economic development has increased on average by 2.8% per year.
Guided by clear national targets, local governments and businesses have their own carbon reduction programs. Shanghai has pledged to peak carbon dioxide emissions by 2025, five years ahead of its national target. Beijing, Guangdong, Jiangsu and Hainan have also drawn up concrete roadmaps, including carbon peaks in the 14th Five-Year Plan (2021-2025).
Renewable energies driven by technological advances play an essential role in achieving its climate goals by China, with hydropower, wind and solar each being among the best in the world in terms of cumulative installed capacity. He became.
As a result, according to the Energy White Paper released by the State Council of the People’s Republic of China in December 2020, the share of energy consumption in coal-financed countries in 2019 decreased by 10, 8% compared to 2012.
In April, the latest electric vehicle models from well-known brands such as NIO, Geely and BYD made headlines at this year’s Auto Shanghai. New players such as Huawei and Xiaomi are entering the industry to gain market share.
According to data from the China Automobile Manufacturers Association, sales of Chinese new energy vehicles (NEVs), which are already the world’s largest NEV market, increased 2.8 times year-on-year to 515,000 units in the first trimester.
China has faced the challenges of climate change in a way that fits its position.
Efforts to tackle climate change must be global in nature. No one is safe without concrete action. International agreements such as the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Paris Agreement have provided the world with a model for decarbonization. Now is the time to act.